Immigration Law

Typical Questions Asked on the U.S. Citizenship Test

  1. What is the Constitution?
    The supreme law of the land
  2. How many branches are there in our government and what are they?
    Three – Legislative, Executive and Judiciary.
  3. What is the Congress and what does it do?
    The Congress is made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Congress is a lawmaking body.
  4. What are the colors of the American flag?
    Red, white and blue.
  5. How many stars are there in our flag and what do they mean?
    There are fifty stars – one to represent each state.
  6. What do the stripes represent?
    They represent the original 13 states.
  7. What is the date of Independence Day?
    July 4th
  8. What country did we fight during the Revolutionary War?
  9. Who was the first President of the United States?
    George Washington
  10. Who is the President of the United States today?
    George W Bush
  11. Who is the vice-president of the United States today?
    Vice President Richard B. Cheney or Dick Cheney
  12. Who elects the President of the United States?
    The electoral college
  13. Who becomes President of the United States if the President should die?
    Vice – President
  14. For how long do we elect the President?
    Four years
  15. How many representatives are there in Congress?
  16. What are the duties of the Supreme Court?
    To interpret laws.
  17. Who selects the Supreme Court justice?
    Appointed by the President
  18. How many Supreme Court justices are there?
  19. What is the Bill of Rights?
    The first 10 amendments of the Constitution
  20. What is the capital of your state?
    (insert local information)
  21. Who is the current governor of your state?
    (insert local information)
  22. Who becomes President of the United States if the President and the vice-president should die?
    Speaker of the House of Representative
  23. Name the the thirteen original states.
    Connecticut, New Hampshire, New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Rhode Island, and Maryland.
  24. Who was Martin Luther King, Jr.?
    A civil rights leader
  25. Why did the Pilgrims come to America?
    For religious freedom
  26. What is the head executive of a state government called?
  27. What is the head executive of a city government called?
  28. What is the basic belief of the Declaration of Independence?
    That all men are created equal
  29. Where does freedom of speech come from?
    The Bill of Rights
  30. What is a minimum voting age in the United States?
    Eighteen (18)
  31. Who signs bills into law?
    The President
  32. Who was the President during the Civil War?
    Abraham Lincoln
  33. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
    Freed many slaves
  34. What special group advises the President?
    The Cabinet
  35. Name 3 rights of freedom guaranteed by the Bill of Rights.
    1. The right of freedom of speech, press, religion, peaceable assembly, and requesting change of government.
    2. The right to bear arms (the right to have weapons or own a gun, though subject to certain regulations).
    3. The government may not quarter, or house, soldiers in the people’s homes during peacetime without the people’s consent.
    4. The government may not search or take a person’s property without a warrant.
    5. A person may not be tried twice for the same crime and does not have to testify against him/herself.
    6. A person charged with a crime still has some rights, such as the right to a trial and to have a lawyer.
    7. The right to trial by jury in most cases.
    8. Protects people against excessive or unreasonable fines or cruel and unusual punishment.
    9. The people have rights other than those mentioned in the Constitution.
    10. Any power not given to the federal government by the Constitution is a power of either the state or the people.
  36. Who has the power to declare the war?
    The Congress
  37. What kind of government does the United States have?
  38. In what year was the Constitution written?
  39. Name one purpose of the United Nations?
    For countries to discuss and try to resolve world problems, to provide economic aid to many countries.
  40. Whose rights are guaranteed by the Constitution and the Bill of Rights?
    Everyone (citizens and non-citizens) living in U.S.
  41. What is the introduction to the Constitution called?
    The Preamble
  42. Name one benefit of being citizen of the United States.
    Vote for the candidate of your choice
  43. What is the most important right granted to U.S. citizens?
    The right to vote
  44. What is the White House?
    The President’s official home
  45. Where is the White House located?
    Washington, D.C. (1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W.)
  46. What is the name of the President’s official home?
    The White House
  47. Who is the Commander in Chief of the U.S. military?
    The President
  48. How many times may a Senator be re-elected?
    There is no limit
  49. How many times may a Congressman be re-elected?
    There is no limit
  50. What are the 2 major political parties in the U.S. today?
    Democratic and Republican


This publication and the information included in it are not intended to serve as a substitute for consultation with an attorney. Specific legal issues, concerns and conditions always require the advice of appropriate legal professionals.




  1. Is there an “amnesty” for agricultural workers?
    No, there is no new law that will legalize agricultural workers. There is a proposal for a law that has been presented to Congress (S. 1645 and H.R. 3142). There is a good possibility that this proposal will become law next year because it represents an agreement between ranchers and agricultural unions.
  2. I am an agricultural worker. Should I do anything right now?
    Yes, we recommend that agricultural workers begin to do two things immediately:

    1. OBTAIN DOCUMENTS that prove that you have met the requirements of this proposal. To qualify for temporary residence through this proposal, the worker must prove that: he/she has worked 100 days during 1 year (12 months) during the 18 month period that ended August 31, 2003. This period began March 1st, 2002.EXAMPLE: Juan worked 105 days during the period of 1 year between July, 2002 and the end of June, 2003, for which reason he meets the requirements for temporary residence and should collect the following:
      1. If he works for a rancher/farmer directly and is paid my check, he should keep proof of payment including W-2 forms and check stubs.
      2. If he works for a contractor, he should collect and keep proof of the work he has done.
      3. If he was paid in cash, he should collect and keep the following:
        * Names and addresses of the workers that have worked with him
        * Names and addresses of the owners of stores where he has bought things
      4. If Juan did not pay taxes in the year 2002, he should get an ITIN number and pay taxes for the money he earned even though his wage may have been paid in cash.
    2. It is necessary to join others who are fighting to make sure this bill becomes law
  3. When to I have to hand in my application?
    The application period will begin 6 months after the law takes effect and will last 18 months.
  4. Will I gain permanent residency (a green card) through this application?
    No, first you will qualify for temporary permission. Later, you may apply for permanent residency. For a green card (permanent residency), you will have to work:
    * 360 days during 6 years
    * 240 days during the first 3 years
    * 75 days per year during 3 years

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